Mystery of Mountains
(5 Days/4 Nights)
According to the legend, in the 5th century, Vakhtang I Gorgasali, the tsar of Iberia, hunted in forests which very long time ago covered the neighborhood of the ancient capital of Georgia of Mtskheta. The imperial falcon lifted a pheasant, and birds disappeared from a look. Hunters jumped in the direction of flight of birds and after long search came across a source into which the falcon together with the production got. Both birds were scalded,the source was hot. Historically name Tbilisi is connected with the word of “tbila”, on Georgian – “warm”.
Holy Trinity Cathedral (Sameba) – the main cathedral of the Georgian orthodox church, on Saint Ilya’s hill. In cathedral of 13 thrones, the lower temple in honor of the Lady Day, separately there is a belfry. Height of the top temple is 68 m (without cross, a cross of 7.5 m); extent from the East on the West — 77 meters, from the North on the South — 65 meters. Total area — more than 5 thousand square meters.
The ropeway – one of three cableways in Tbilisi. The cableway conducts to the Sololaksky hill to Narikal’s fortress and to a monument “Mother of Kartli”. Route extent — 508 meters, a difference of heights between the top and lower stations — 94 meters. Also from the hill the most beautiful panoramic view of the city opens.
Sulfur Baths (the 5th century) – the historic district in the center of Tbilisi, known for the complex of the baths standing on natural sulphurous sources. The constructed at different times in the XVII—XIX centuries, present baths form by themselves the certain quarter of the city which is the popular place both among residents and at numerous tourists.
The Cathedral Sioni is historically main temple of Tbilisi and one of two main in the Georgian church; it is called in honor of the Zion mountain and consecrated in honor of the Dormition of the Theotokos. Is situated on the bank of the river the Kura in the historic center of the city. Foundation of the temple is attributed to Vakhtang I Gorgasal. In 1112 David IV the Builder, having exempted Tbilisi from Arabs, built new cathedral which was exposed to destructions and restoration more than once in the city. Especially considerable works were required after invasion Jalal ad-Din.
PeaceBridge is the pedestrian bridge through the Kura River in Tbilisi. Is between Metekhi Bridge (lower on a current) and Baratashvili Bridge (is higher on a current). The bridge has a 156-meter steel framework covered with glass. All design leans on 4 support. It is possible to get on the bridge both from the street and from embankments of boulevards. An architect of the bridge is Michele De Lucchi.
Park Rike – at the beginning of the 20th century the territory on the left coast of the Kura below present Baratashvili Bridge between the main bed of the river and its left sleeve was the island. In the 1920th years the sleeve of the river shoaled and dried, but the coast remained low and was quite often filled in during spring floods. When water fell down ashore there was a lot of sand and silt. From here also the name of this area – Ricke went (sands). The modern park is broken on these fixed sands.
Metekhi Church – the first temple on this place was built at Vakhtang Gorgasali (the 5th century) conducting big construction, there was its palace. In 1235 during invasion of Mongols the temple was destroyed, but in 1278 — 1289 was completely restored and in such look generally reached our time.
Freedom Square – is remarkable the “gold” statue of Saint Georgy (the heavenly patron of Georgia, than the English name of the country – Georgia speaks), at the beginning of the 90th Lenin’s statue who replaced Tbilisi on the central square.
Day 2. Mtskheta
Mtskheta – the ancient city, the first capital of Georgia. Foundation of the city is dated the fifth century B.C. It is possible to tell without exaggeration that here the Georgian civilization arose what sights Mtskheta testify to. Mtskheta is already more than two and a half thousand years. This cult place for Christians thanks to a set of temples and Christian shrines. Mtskheta is a historic and sacred town of Georgia. There is no such congestion of cathedrals, monasteries, fortresses and ruins of the ancient cities any more anywhere in Georgia.
Svetitskhoveli – the Cathedral patriarchal temple of the Georgian orthodox church in honor of twelve Apostles. throughout the millennium was the main cathedral of all Georgia. Monument of the world heritage.
Samtavro Monastery – a complex from Samtavro-Church of the Transfiguration and convent of Saint Nino. The first church on this place as it is considered, is constructed in the 4th century by Mirian III. The temple was repeatedly destroyed and restored. In the first half of the 11th century, at the time of Georgy I’s reign, under the decree of the Catholicos-Patriarch the temple was broadened, attached the southern gate and decorated with an original ornament, analogs which are not present in the Georgian architecture.
Shio Mgvime Monastery – a medieval monastic architectural complex. It is located in the narrow calcareous gorge on the northern river bank of Mtkvari (Kura). According to historical tradition, the first monastic community was founded on this place in the 6th century by the monk Shio, one of thirteen Assyrian fathers who arrived in Georgia as Christian missionaries. Saint Shio spent the last years, the hermit in a deep cave near Mtskheta, Shiomgvima (Shio’s Cave) subsequently called.
Jvari – the Georgian monastery and the temple of the first half of the 7th century. It is located at mountain top at confluence of the Kura and Aragvi near Mtskheta — where, according to historical sources Saint Nino equal to the apostles erected a cross. The Georgia’s first monument of the World heritage (since 1994).
After we visit Jvari we come back to Tbilisi.
After breakfast in hotel we will go to Kakheti.
Kakheti – the historic area in east Georgia. The valley of the Alazani are the biggest wine area of Georgia and a cradle of wine. The legend says that from here wine extended worldwide. The main appeal of the region, besides old churches and monasteries are small and big wineries and wine cellars are.
Signagi – the city of love! The small town on a mountain slope, is located on the terraces connecting twisting abrupt streets. Because of the good location practically at mountain Signagi top it was never captured by enemies thanks to what remained up to now practically in original state. In the city the round-the-clock registry office where also foreigners can married. Along with the general romantic atmosphere, the name “city of love” is also explained by it.
Saint Nino Bodbe Monastery – convent of the Bodbiysky diocese. In it relics of the educator of Georgia Saint Nino who died in the same place in 347 on the 67th year of life, after 35 years’ apostolic self-sacrifice are based. Before the death Saint Nina left to the town of Bodbe and in the same place, having served some time, she died and was buried. Shortly at the request of the King Mirian over St. Nino’s grave the temple in honor of Saint George — the heavenly patron of Georgia was built, and near it there was also a monastery.
Winemaking Khareba – a tunnel. The unique storage of wines, here many years were stored the best wines of the region of Kakheti. Guests are given an opportunity to taste about 40 names of wines “Winemaking of Khareba”, to bake bread, to overtake chacha, to make churchkhela, to prepare a barbecue, to take part in vintage (“rtveli”) and in production of wine.
Gremi Castle – the imperial fortress and a complex of Church of Archangels. It is located on the hill and consists of the church of Archangels Mikhail and Gabriel, the bell tower, the three-storyed palace and a wine cellar (marani). The complex is surrounded with a wall, with towers and embrasures. The remains of the secret underpass conducting to the river remained. The church of Archangels was constructed by order of the King Levan Kakhetian in 1565 and painted in 1577. It has a stone cross and dome temple.
Day 4. Kazbegi
The road from Tbilisi to Kazbegi lies on the picturesque gorge of the river Aragvi. In the distance you will see legendary Jvari Monastery and the ancient Georgian capital, the city of Mtskheta. The first stop at one of dams of the Zhinvalsky reservoir: you will admire its turquoise smooth surface and learn about emergence and a role of this reservoir. And in the winter when water falls, you will see the flooded churches. Besides, you are waited by merge of two rivers (White and Black Aragvi), the types taking the breath away at the Arch of Friendship and the unusual mineral source reminding the golden river.
Church to Gergeti and Ananuri’s fortress
You precisely saw such cards of the ancient monastery standing on the hill against the background of snow-covered mountains. Behind these types in reality you will go to the village of Stepantsminda at the foot of Kazbek. And there you will change on jeeps to rise to the “monastery behind clouds” sung in verses by Pushkin. On a travel also perfectly remained Ananuri’s fortress of the 16th century: behind its powerful walls you are waited by stories of local governors.
After we return to Tbilisi.
Day 5. Tbilisi International Airport
0- 4 pax
8- 20 pax